(P40) Pro-social Regulatory Governance in Taiwan, with a Comparative Perspective
Ching-Ping Tang, Professor, Department of Political Science, National Chengchi University
Contrast to the strong-state approach emphasizing governing authority in pursuing developmental goals, regulatory governance emphasizes setting a regulatory framework for broader participation in the governing tasks. Such open-structured governance is supposed to benefit from several advantages. First, inviting the governed to participate in governance can mobilize extra resources and earn synergy of coproduction. Many public goods and services are labor-intensive and extracting the residual/idle labor of the governed can benefit both policy suppliers and demanders. Second, inviting diversified stakeholders into governance promises comprehensive considerations and innovative ideas. Third, involving the governed into the service provision will lift satisfaction through instant feedback to provide idiosyncratic treatments, effective process control, and a higher sense of self-actualization. Forth, an open process for negotiation and supervision may also improve social justice with a fairer distribution of opportunities and public goods (or bads) among social groups. Nevertheless, the primary concern for the pro-social governance is how to empower the governed, especially those socially marginalized. This panel consists of four papers that covered different policy types (cultural conservation, elderly care, social policies in general, and international aid in general) and different aspects of social empowerment through an innovative regulatory framework.