(P27) Responsive Regulation in China: Challenges and Prospects
Binglin Yang, Department Head of Public Administration & Associate Professor, School of Political Science and Public Administration, China University of Political Science and Law
Peng Liu, Professor & Deputy Director of MPA Program, School of Public Administration & Policy, Renmin University of China
Proposed by Ian Ayres and John Braithwaite in their co-authored book in 1992, the theory of responsive regulation has witnessed a rapid development process both in theoretical and empirical levels. Being different with conventional tit-for-tat strategy, the essential ideas of responsive regulation has been employed to a few of sectors in many developed states to achieve better regulatory compliance, especially in occupational health and consumer protection regulation. However, the application of responsive regulation in developing countries is generally regarded as a pessimistic model since a series of preconditions such as rule of law and good self-regulation are usually absent.
As an emerging and rapid-growing economy, China has triggered its regulatory reform to build a fledged regulatory state since the end of 1990s. Affected by its historical legacy of planned economy model, China has adopted a regulatory style which is highly relied on coercive and command strategy, but this doesn’t achieve satisfactory performance. After Premier Li Keqiang came into power in 2013, Chinese government is more inclined to adopt a responsive regulation strategy to strengthen its post-market regulation under the new circumstance of market access reduction. Therefore, a series of quasi-responsive regulation reforms to empower industrial association and business have emerged in various sectors and localities.
What is the nature of those so-called responsive regulation reforms? Are they complying with responsive regulation in Western context? How to understand the fundamental logic of the rising of tripartite regulation in China? What kind of challenges will this new reform meet? Is it possible to theorize those new reforms based on Chinese experience in contrast to enrich the theory of responsive regulation? This panel aims to gather a few of research papers to offer possible answers for those above-mentioned questions on the practice of responsive regulation in China’s context. It will not only illuminate possible challenges faced by its regulatory innovation, but also try to shed light on the political logic of Chinese newly regulatory state building by examining the rising of responsive regulation. In addition, to what extent China’s regulatory reform can help to enrich and widen the content of responsive regulation theory will be also discussed and stressed.
(*If there is no enough high-quality paper to be collected, we can change this panel into a round-table discussion instead to make in-depth exchanges about possible international collaborations on this topic)